From Pakhala to Pitha – The Saga of Odia Food Music

Odisha is known for its rich cultural heritage, language, dance forms, traditions, and, so is its Odia culture. Odisha as a state has been invaded by outside kingdoms, yet has defined its own individuality in terms of art & architecture, cultural identity and of course, its unique cuisines. Odia music as a part of art form, have always shown food as an indispensable part of its culture. The culinary heritage of Odisha can be best described from Puri Temple’s Abhada (Mahaprasad), Pakhala (fermented rice), Sweetmeat to Pithas (pancakes) etc and the numerous songs dedicated to it. An attempt has been made here to share some of the the popular Odia songs best describing Odisha’s diverse food culture with Pakhala leading the way.

The list are enormous, but here some of the most popular songs have been mentioned here – some fully focused on food and the celebration of consuming it while others have food as theme starting from bhajans, folk songs, Odia film songs, non-film and some new gen parodies and YouTube songs. I have tried to write the  lyrics of three most popular Odia songs (as per my opinion) in English transliteration for better understanding of Non-Odias viewers.

List of Odia songs which moves around food –
Asa Kie Khaiba Ho (1980)

Asa kie khaiba ho (Akhi Trutiya 1980) *

This song is considered as the most popular song in this food genre. Have seen it being played at marriage receptions during the gramophone record era. Its featured in Odia movie Akhi Trutiya (1980) and picturised on comedian Shyamalendu & Namrata Das, beautifully rendered in his trademark style by Tansen Singh with lyrics by Baikuntha Nath Mohanty and music by Rakhal Mohanty. The song  takes us on a foodie journey to various places in Odisha & the popular food associated with it. Yet , some feel that certain items & places have not been featured here like Pahala Rasagola & Nimapara Chhenajhili. The reason is that very few know that this iconic song has been inspired from another rare song of 1930s wehereas Pahala Rasagola and its market came up only in 1950s, Still the lyricist could have added Pahala Rasagola name in the version song while customising the contents as per current trends. Btw, what other popular Odia dishes did you find missing in the song !

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7AWjY-WZDC4
Asa Kiese Jibare Ama Raja Ghara Khana (1934)

This is the original song I was talking about from which the filmi version was adapted by lyricist Baikuntha Nath Mohanty – Asa Kie Khaiba Ho ! The song rendered by Gokul Mohanty in the prevailing South Odishan style, features the popular Odia food and the places associated with it in Odisha at that period. I feel this type of songs can be used for promoting food tourism and thereby Odisha tourism.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tkPzItYPjrI

Some of the Odia singing icons featured in this article (*collage from Google Images)

Asa Jibana Dhana

This evergreen song written by Kavichandra Kalicharan Pattnaik in the voice of Pandit Balakrushna Dash, celebrates the most common food of Odias, Pakhala. In this song, the writer is addressing his ladylove as Pakhala Kansa – the bell metal bowl of rice with water, in short the bowl of happiness. Kalicharan best known for his classical lyrics captured the emotions of Odias with Pakhala, well with his hatke creation. Pakhala is the summer thirst quencher consumed in Odisha for centuries& has is also offered to Lord Jagannath under Chappan Bhog. The very word Pakhaḷa has been used in the Odia poems of Arjuna Das in his literary work Kaḷpalata (1520-1530 AD).

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yzYqB8ZXbeA

Chaka Pari Basitha
This is about another traditional Odia food, Chuda Chakata (flattened rice mix), again, in the voice of Pandit Balakrushna Dash. Odisha ha sits own unique way of Chuda (Poha) preparation & eating, with diff mix resulting in various tastes & flavours. Common mix for taste mentioned in the song includes kadali, ambula, lembu, amba, guda, luna lanka, ghia, suji khiri, amruta, rae, ukhuda, amba sadha etc. And even the song celebrates the way people seats cross legged (chaka pari basitha) to savour the common man’s tiffin.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r356dNUdVKA&t=647s

Kartika Masare Asila Kanji

Rice with Kanji & kasha tarkari

Kanji is a typical Odia tangy dish made from torani (water taken from Pakhala) or peja (rice gruel) and cooked with vegetables or green leafy vegetables. Its said that this song’s popularity by Akshay Mohanty (lyrics-traditional) made Kanji more popular across Odisha. The song describes about kanji’s popularity with all castes of Odisha & mentions satirically how its treated differently by various communities, be it Nayak, Kamara, Bhandari, Gouda, Karana or Brahmana.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J90Y2G_oQ2A

Madaa Daani Dhaana Chaula
This song in the voice of Arjun Charan Samal (lyrics-traditional),  describes the various traditional dishes prepared in Odia households like khechudi, puri, arisa pitha, chakuli, manda gaintha, nabata pana, manjaa rae, badhi, kanji, saga, mahura, ambila, bhajja, poda pitha, basi pani, kandia, mahaprasad, dahi pakhala etc

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L7UoyZ6FGQI

Mudhi Nadia

Which one to choose – sweetmeat, drink, pitha or muan !

Pt Balakrushna Dash comes with yet another food song with “Mudhi Nadia” which talks about the celebration of eating mudhi (puffed rice) in typical  Odia and the ingredients added to it for better taste & flavour. Though not as popular as the pakhala song, this one explicitly makes a claim: that only an Odia recognizes the pleasure of eating Mudhi with Nadia (coconut) slices and then goes on to describe the right setting and the preparation to maximize the pleasure. Anyone from Baripada in the viewer’s list must be proud of Mudhi & will be thinking why Mudhi Mansha (puffed rice with mutton curry) is not featured in this article !

(https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8pFIWU1EicI)

Kali Juga Krushna Muhin

Swaroop Nayak with Kuldeep Kaur in Odia movie Stree (*google images)

Its featured in Odia movie Stree (1969) & picturised on Swaroop Nayak with debutant Kuldeep Kaur (Sujata Anand), music by Bhubaneswar Mishra & sung by Akshay Mohanty. Actor Swaroop Nayak debuted was lyricist with this song in which food lines seems to be inspired from the original “Asa Kiese Jiba” by Gokul Mohanty where as the rest song has been created from a single liner – “Dhina dhin tak dhina dhin, Mun toh Hero tu mo Heroine”.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gu_dRIdxhPI

Radhika Boile Duti Go
In this Odisssi lyrics, rendered by great Odia singer and composer, Pt Prafulla Kar, Radha is having fever & craves for diet through Duti, one of the gopikas, all of which bears the name of Krishna. The items featured in the song includes kanji, janhi raita, jau, mahu, dali, kadali bhaja, khechedi, ghia,  ukhuda, bhoga etc. I personally liked this classical yet melodious song very well because of the melodious flow & the way the lyricist Prafulla Kar has linked the Odia recipes with various name’s of Krishna like Madhusudan Patra (leaf), Narayana Janhi Raita, Patita Paban Dali etc

(https://youtu.be/hETjNU168_Y)

Jagannathia ra Sri Mahaprasada  
This is a lesser known bhajan rendered in soulful voice by Bhikari Bal, but matching with the food theme. The song & the voice will be enough to prove why Bhikari Bal is referred as Bhajan Samrat (King of devotional songs). The lyrics talks about how Jagannath’s Mahaprasad (sacred temple food) has made his devotees crave for it& rush to Sri Kshetra Puri to have it.

Pusha Mashe Mula Mudhi

A lesser heard palli geeta (village song) by Arjun Samal (lyrics traditional) which talks about various seasonal items available & the Odia dishes that is cooked in different seasons…. mula, mudhi, poda pitha, makar pitha, samba, baigani, nimba, seula machha, sriphala (coconut), amba, pachila amba, kantala, tala, chuda guda, ghia, pitha, nua bhata, chindudai machha, pakhala, baigan poda, khechudi, kheeri, patakapura (banana variety). The speciality of this song is that it tries to touch all aspects of food..vegetables, fruits, non-veg items, pakhala, pitha etc

(https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dU73y6OYDuI)

Pana Mora Brundabana

A comic palligeeta on pana (betel leaf) by Dhahanjay Satpathy & Sarmistha Panigrahi

Tanka Torani of Puri Temple & Alarnath

There are many more like Bhakata Bidura (bhajan sung by Bhikari Bal, lyrics-Golakhnath Das), Abhada Muthiye Mote Milu (Basanta Patra), Manda Pitha Gol Gol (by Akshay Mohanty), Jena Ghara Manda Pitha (Gita & Trupti Das), Suna Ilishi (Akshay Mohanty & Geeta Patnaik), Budha Budhi Tuan Tuen (Akshay Mohanty), Machha Hela Kata (Akshay Mohanty), Mora Tanka Torani re Mana (Pammi), Bhoka Lagile Kiye Abhada Deba (Md Aziz), Tulasi Tulasi Base (Sailabhama Mohapatra) & some parody songs like Se Kaala Pakhala Galani and Sajana Sagaku Bhaaji too. These are just some of the more popular Odia songs celebrating food. In this internet & YouTube age, I would recommend to listen to Pakhala Gita – Singer & Music –Manas R Dash, Lyrics –Saswat – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p1XzvjLI3xo

Like Rasagola Dibasa (Niladri Bije day in June-July) and Pakhala Dibasa (March 20th), there needs to be campaign on a big scale for an Odia Food Day or Odia Festival Day too with focus on traditional & lesser know Odia foods. And, if promoted well through social media, it can turn out to be a day of celebration of varieties of Odia food for the other states in India to know & acknowledge its diversity.

Full lyrics of some of the two popular food songs plus one more

ASA KIYE KAHIBA HO

Khiramohana – typical Odia term for Rosagola. Pahala & Salepur are now associated with it.

Asa kiye khaiba ho, ama raja babu ra khana (2)
Manda, kakara, chakuli, arisa, baneichi ae nana ho ..
Asa kiye khaiba ho, ama raja babu ra khana !

Kendrapara ra rasabali ,rasa jao chakhi ..jao chakhi..jao chakhi
Salepura ra khiramohana , saburi mana lakhi
Bhubaneswar kora khae, Khadial bundi dana ho
Asa kiye khaiba ho, ama raja babu ra khana !

Baripada ra garama mudhi, Baleswari gaja
Bhadrak ra palua laddu, lage bada mazaa
Nayagarh ra chhenapoda aha aha (2),
Puri ra khanda chhena ho bhaina
Asa kiye khaiba ho, ama raja babu ra khana !

Badhia lage Brahmapur charu, chalha, chutney
Peta bhita re gale thare, lagiba tana tani
Sambalpur ra sarasatia, khao dhari gina ho bhaina
Asa kiye khaiba ho, ama raja babu ra khana !

Dhenkanal ra biri bara, khaiba thare bhai..bujhila ti !
Kataka ra dahi bara aha (2), pasori jiba nahin
Manikapatna basa dahi ku… (2)
Ae gori, alo tikke ana, eiye kana emiti houchu ma..haa

Aare kiye khaiba ho, ama raja babu ra khana
Manda , akaara , chakuli, arisa, baneichi ae nana ho ..
Asa kiye khaiba ho, ama raja babu ra khana !
Asa kiye khaiba ho, ama raja babu ra khana..ha ! ha ! ha  !

ASA KIYE SE JIBA RE !

Odia style Dahi Bara

Asa kiye se jiba re, aaji raja ghara khana (2)
Khanda khanda basa dahi, munda munda chhena (2)
Joda joda arisa pitha, bada biri dana (2)
Asa kiye se jiba re, aaji raja ghara khana (2)

Bhadrak ra palua ladoo, Baleswari gaja..aa aah (2)
Kendrapara ra rasabali, rasa bhari mazaa
Asa kiye se jiba re, aaji raja ghara khana (2)

Bhubaneswar ra rasa kora, dobhaji ukhuda (2)
Baripada ra garam mudhi, Dhamnagari chuda(2)
Asa kiye se jiba re, aaji raja ghara khana (2)

Puri bedha magji laddu, amalu sara pulli (2)
Ama..Biraja bedha motichur, kanka jira bhaji (2)
Asa kiye se jiba re, aaji raja ghara khana (2)

Sakhigopal guda pagia, gahama atta bhajaa (2)
Taku pakua paati ready re dele, daanta mariba gajaa(2)
Asa kiye se jiba re, aaji raja ghara khana (2)

Sambalpuri chhena gaja, jatni  medi kemi 2
Ama jajpur ra ra musmusia sata patar pheni (2)
Asa kiye se jiba re, aaji raja ghara khana (2)

Amba kasia ada diyaa , alu baghara chutney (2)
Patti ku gale, peta bhita re lagiba tana tani ..babu (2)
Asa kiye se jiba re, aaji raja ghara khana (2)..aaha  thhey !

ASA JIBANA DHANA

Pakhala (fermented rice) with side dish

Asa jibana dhana, mora phakhala kansa
Asa jibana dhana
Sajani re to bihune (2), udila hansa
Asa jibana dhana, mora phakhala kansa
Asa jibana dhana

Bahilani ana sakhi jhanja pabana
Athamari gala tunda jae jibana
To bine pakhalo go
Phatila kapala go
Torani sangare mishi hara mo trusha
Asa jibana dhana, mora phakhala kansa
Asa jibana dhana

Sangaa thakurani, pita sukhua rani
To laagi nian re, sati jhasa delani
Piaja khari darre
Chhala chindae mare
Mariccha kahuchi mote tu tule misha
Asa jibana dhana, mora phakhala kansa
Asa jibana dhana

Odia jibana dhua, saga pahala,
Jagannatha rasithile, mane tu bhaala
Chakhi nahin je thare, dhika ta janamare
Manisha bhitare seta anapurushaa
Asa jibana dhana, mora phakhala kansa

Asa jibana dhana
Sajani re to bihune (2), udila hansa
Asa jibana dhana, mora phakhala kansa (2)
Asa jibana dhana..naa

Odisha temple food called Abhada

Odisha has strong folk songs & palli geetas (village songs), but those either have not been documented properly & have been lost in time. Sadly many of the popular songs are yet to be available in Google or YouTube. Festive and brata (puja) songs have plenty of instances of food items mentioned in it which are  integral part of the lyrics incl Laxmi Purana, Khudurukuni Puja & Sudasa Brata, Even Nanabaya Geeta (lullaby songs) & Odia school rhymes can be checked out for its food contents. The list is not comprehensive, hence readers are requested to share their inputs and knowledge to enhance the contents.

Happy Eating & Singing !!

Article: Taranisen Pattnaik
Images: By Tarani except *Google Images
Source:- https://nothingtodeclare.in/2015/07/16/food-songs-in-odia-what-they-tell-us-about-odia-culture/

 

About Tarani Trotter

I'm Taranisen Pattnaik, originally from Aska (Ganjam). I grew up in the capital city of Odisha – Bhubaneswar. An MBA by qualification, an Accountant by profession, but a freelancer by interest with phillumeny (matchbox collection) as my hobby. I like going to places, meeting new people & capturing the moments through my camera which helps me in my storytelling.

View all posts by Tarani Trotter →

4 Comments on “From Pakhala to Pitha – The Saga of Odia Food Music”

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *